Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments

Physical and Geochemical Methods, Academic/professional/technical: Undergraduate. Academic/professional/technical: Postgraduate. Academic/professional/technical: Research and professional
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John P. Smol
959 g
240x161x34 mm
Developments in Paleoenvironmental Research

Preface. The Editors. Aims & Scope of Developments in Paleoenvironmental Research Book Series. Editors and Board of Advisors of Developments in Paleoenvironmental. Research Book Series. Contents of Volumes 1 to 4 of the Series. Safety Considerations and Caution. Dedication. List of Contributors. 1. An introduction to physical and geochemical methods used in paleolimnology; W.M. Last, J.P. Smol.
Part I: Physical Lithostratigraphy Techniques.
2. Recognition and analysis of bedding and sediment fabric features; A.E.S. Kemp, et al. 3. Image analysis techniques; T. Saarinen, G. Petterson. 4. Textural analysis of lake sediments; W.M. Last.
Part II: Mineralogical and Geochemical Indicator Techniques.
5. Inorganic geochemical methods in paleolimnology; J.F. Boyle. 6. Mineralogical analysis of lake sediments; W.M. Last. 7. Fluid inclusions in paleolimnological studies of chemical sediments; T. Lowenstein, S.T. Brennan. 8. Application of mineral magnetic techniques to paleolimnology; P. Sandgren, I. Snowball. 9. Sediment organic matter; P.A. Meyers, J.L. Teranes. 10. Paleolimnological methods and applications for persistent organic pollutants; J.M. Blais, D.C.G. Muir. 11. Near-Infrared spectrometry (NITS) in paleolimnology; T. Korsman, et al. 12. Fly-ash particles; N. Rose.
Part III: Stable Isotope Techniques.
13. Application of stable isotope techniques to inorganic and biogenic carbonates; E. Ito. 14. Carbon and oxygen isotope analysis of lake sediment cellulose: methods and applications; B.B. Wolfe, et al. 15. Nitrogen isotopes in palaeolimnology; M.R. Talbot.
Glossary, acronyms and abbreviations.
Theory Instrumentation NIR analysis of sediment samples Uses of NIRS in palaeolimnology Future perspectives Summary References Fly-ash particles. Neil Rose 319 12. Introduction A brief history Methods of extraction and enumeration Temporal distribution Spatial distribution Source apportionment The future Summary Acknowledgements References Part III: Stable Isotope Techniques 13. Application of stable isotope techniques to inorganic and biogenic carbonates. Emi Ito 351 Introduction Nomenclature and systematics of lake-water Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca ratios of lake-water of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) Carbonates in lake-sediments Mollusks Ostracodes Charaphytes Isotope analysis Preparation of carbonate samples for isotope analysis Conclusions Summary Acknowledgments References 14. Carbon and oxygen isotope analysis of lake sediment cellulose: methods and applications. Brent B. Wolfe, Thomas W. D. Edwards, Richard J. Elgood & Kristina R. M. Beuning 373 xi Introduction Stable isotope tracers in lake Historical development Methods Key criteria for paleohydrologic reconstruction Applications Future research directions Summary Acknowledgements References Nitrogen isotopes in palaeolimnology. Michael R. Talbot 15. 401 Introduction Nitrogen in lakes: forms and distribution Nitrogen isotopes Nitrogen isotope studies in palaeolimnology: sampling and measurement Some examples Closing remarks Summary Acknowledgments References Glossary, acronyms and abbreviations 441 Index 493 xiii PREFACE The explosive growth of paleolimnology over the past two decades has provided impetus for the publication of this series of monographs detailing the numerous advances and new techniques being applied to the interpretation of lake histories. This is the second volume in the series and deals mainly with physical and geochemical analytical techniques.
William M. Last is a professor in the Department of Geological Sciences at University of Manitoba (Canada) and is co-editor of the Journal of Paleolimnology.
John P. Smol is a professor in the Biology Department at Queen's University (Canada), with a cross-appointment at the School of Environmental Studies. He co-directs the Paleoecological Environmental Assessment and Research Lab (PEARL). Professor Smol is co-editor of the Journal of Paleolimnology and holds the Canada Research Chair in Environmental Change.

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